The growing popularity of crossovers has become not only the main trend of the development of the Russian car market. The reasons why sales of car sales of class SUV are growing in our country are visible to the naked eye. The state of the road network, the bad cleaning of snow in the winter, all this is really and indirectly plays on the hand of crossover manufacturers, parquetniks, pseudocrossovers and SUVs. Today, sales of car class SUV in the Russian Federation came close to 50%.
But why such cars are getting every year all
But, as it turned out, this «cross-board» trend carries a serious and conceptual threat. Threat to the «green» plans of officials of the European Commission (the Government of the European Union). Meanwhile, the EU gradually tighten the indicators by the level of carbon dioxide emissions CO2. The Chairman of the European Commission of Ursula von der Lyien on September 16 stated that the volume of greenhouse gas emissions should be reduced by 2030 compared with 1990 by 40%, as required earlier, and by 55%.
For automakers, this means that they will have to reduce CO2 emissions levels not to the originally specified by 59.4 g / km mileage, and up to 47.5 g / km. As a result, to achieve such an indicator, at the request of the President of the Avto-producers Association of Germany Hildegard Muller, this means that automakers will have to 2030 in total production to have a share of at least 60% of electric vehicles. However, few people can answer the question if the changes required for the appropriate growth in demand will occur in the change sector.
Funny turns picture. Officials of the European Commission put some figures of strict indicators, and automakers should «take under the visor» and fulfill the requirements, even if they are absurd and do not relate to the reality and capabilities of this most important sector of the real economy of the old continent.
According to ICCT, currently the proportion of environmentally friendly cars (battery and hybrid) in the total production of European autocompany is 6-14%.
And in the way of the realization of these requirements of officials from Brussels, crossovers get up. They, especially large classes, do not fit into standards. There is an interesting contradiction. Crossovers are a very profitable margin product for automotive companies. But due to the higher level of CO2 emissions, crossovers (which have relatively more powerful engines) companies will have to be particularly tentacles to achieve the EU supplied to reduce emissions.
The European Commission began to establish a goal for automakers in terms of CO2 emissions (on average for the new cars sold in the European market) about 10 years ago. The first goal was the level of 130 g / km by 2015, and for its achievement, many manufacturers of luxury sedans, such as German BMW and Daimler, diluted their model range with small cars. But in general, this goal was reached relatively simply, for many companies, reducing emissions as part of an increase in the efficiency of modern engines turned out to be sufficient. The next goal is 95 g / km from 2021. On average in Europe, new cars are currently throwing out 112 g CO2 per 1 km. For each extra gram, from each car sold car company will be obliged to pay 95 euros.
Interestingly, in a 95 gram level, only the model range is stacked
Until now, the main problems of European autocompany on the way to reducing CO2 emission levels were a significant drop in demand for cars with diesel
Engines and slow growth in demand for electric cars. European buyers turned away from diesel cars due to the Dieselgate scandal (as it turned out in 2015, Volkswagen cars on diesel fuel polluted the air more than the tests showed, the scam received the name «Dieselgate»). At the same time, as experts noted, diesel engines as a whole consume less fuel and, it means less CO2 is thrown into the atmosphere, and it is polluted in the main particles of soot, although this problem is effectively solved by automakers using filters and additives. As for electric vehicles, their sales growth is constrained by a relatively high price and smallness of public charging stations.