Who were the inhabitants of Arkaim 4000 years ago

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Not a single archaeological discovery on the territory of Russia in the last century attracted as much attention as Arkaim.

Arkaim is the name of a small low-mountain range in the Southern Urals, within the Chelyabinsk region. In 1987, the remains of the foundations of ancient buildings were discovered here purely by chance. Further excavations revealed that there was a «city» (fortified settlement) of the ancient Sintashta culture, approximately 4000 years old.

The Sintashta culture of the Southern Urals received the name «Country of Cities» from archaeologists. All settlements of this culture are characterized by being fortified. At the same time, these were centers of agricultural production: crafts that worked for the market were not found there. But the cattle pens were located outside the city walls. Inside the cities there were only residential buildings.

A characteristic feature of Arkaim and other cities of the Sintashta culture: each such city did not grow out of a rural settlement or from several houses, but was based, so to speak, according to the “master plan” and was built up with all the houses at the same time. Or rather, there were only two houses: one on each side of the street that cut the city. The outer walls of the houses were at the same time the fortress walls of the city.

Of course, scientists have always been interested in what kind of people left behind the «Country of Cities». Hypotheses about this began to arise even at the dawn of the excavations of the Sintashta culture, but so far none has solid grounds. The inhabitants of Arkaim did not have a written language.

The most reasonable is the version about the identity of the creators of Arkaim with the ancient Aryans — Indians and Iranians. The Aryans lived in Arkaim even before moving to the south of Asia and dividing into Indo-Aryans and Iranians. The Arkaim trace in Arkaim is seen, first of all, in accordance with the life of its inhabitants with the life of the ancient Aryans, as it is described in the hymns «Veda» (the sacred book of the Indo-Aryans) and «Avesta» (the sacred book of the Iranians). As evidence, they also cite the drawing of the swastika, which is often repeated on artifacts from Arkaim.

Recently, Anatoly Klyosov, the creator of DNA genealogy, convincingly proves the Aryan origin of the inhabitants of Arkaim and their relationship with the Slavs on the basis of genetic data.

But there are other versions of the origin of Arkaim. After all, a similar material life may indicate a common occupation at a certain stage of development, not necessarily an ethnic relationship. And the swastika motif is very widespread among the ancient peoples of Eurasia and North America, it is not exclusively an “Aryan monopoly”.

In this regard, some scientists defend the hypothesis of the Turkic ethnic origin of the creators of Arkaim. They proceed, first of all, from the position that modern peoples, with rare exceptions, live in the same place where their ancestors lived. As for the Caucasoid appearance of the inhabitants of Arkaim, it is known that the ancient Turks were also Caucasoids (for example, the Khazars and Polovtsy, known from ancient Russian history, remained Caucasoids).

Nevertheless, the version about the Aryan origin of the Arkaimians is considered more reasoned in our time.

Interesting facts from the history of the ancient city of Arkaim

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