Count Aleksey Kirillovich Razumovsky, son of the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the last hetman of Ukraine, Kirill Razumovsky, and nephew of the morganatic husband of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna, Alexei Razumovsky, became the ancestor of the most famous family of illegitimate nobles in Russia.
Alexei Kirillovich Razumovsky (1748-1822) was married for ten years to Varvara Sheremeteva, who bore him five children. However, his wife bored him, and the count settled in his beloved — a simple bourgeois Maria Sobolevskaya. He lived happily with her for 35 years. Sobolevskaya bore the count ten children. All of them, as illegitimate, were issued by the «pupils» of the count. Razumovsky gave them the fictitious surname Perovskikh — after his estate Perovo near Moscow (now within Moscow).
The Perovskys became a clan of bastards, famous not only for their large numbers, but also for their remarkable representatives.
Among the children and grandchildren of Razumovsky from Sobolevsky there were six generals. Lev Alekseevich Perovsky (1792-1856) under Nicholas I became the Minister of the Interior. Vasily Alekseevich Perovsky (1795-1857) served as the Governor-General of Orenburg, became one of the co-founders of the Russian Geographical Society. He became especially famous for his 1853 campaign against the Kokand Khanate, during which the Ak-Mechet fortress was taken, renamed in honor of the winner in Fort Perovsk (now Kzyl-Orda). The youngest of Alexei’s sons, Boris (1815-1881), the hero of the conquest of the Caucasus, also became a general.
The children of Lev Nikolaevich Perovsky (1816-1890), the son of the eldest in the first generation of the Perovskys, acquired scandalous fame. His son Vasily and daughter Sophia joined the ranks of the populist revolutionaries, and Sophia went so far as to organize the assassination of Emperor Alexander II in 1881, for which she was hanged. At the same time, Lev Nikolayevich himself was dismissed from the post of governor of St. Petersburg in 1866 for not taking precautions during the first unsuccessful attempt on the life of the revolutionaries on the tsar.
Vasily was not so actively involved in the revolutionary movement, although he was forced to go through Siberian exile. His granddaughter was the famous Soviet children’s writer Olga Perovskaya. And the great-great-grandchildren of the eldest daughter of Lev Nikolaevich Perovsky, Maria, are the figures of the current Russian state elite, brothers Andrei and Sergei Fursenko.
Anna Alekseevna Perovskaya (1796-1856) married Count Konstantin Petrovich Tolstoy. Her son — Alexei Konstantinovich Tolstoy (1817-1875) became a famous Russian poet and writer.
A well-known writer, a member of the Russian Literary Academy, was the second Perovsky — Alexei Alekseevich (1787-1836), speaking under the pseudonym Anthony Pogorelsky. Literary talents were apparently familial for many Perovskys. Three of the sons of Olga Alekseevna (1798-1833) — Alexei, Alexander and Vladimir Zhemchuzhnikov — together with their cousin Alexei Konstantinovich Tolstoy created the most famous hoax in the history of Russian literature: the never-existing philosopher Kozma Prutkov.
This is such a fruitful family.