How to create a Russian diesel?


A small-scale diesel engine for many years has been a «stumbling block» for the Russian auto industry. Today, under the hood of commercial low-tonnage cars, engines of foreign origin and production are installed.

If the question with a diesel engine for medium-tonnage trucks in Russia has long decided, as is known, on the capacities

As you know, approximately half of the commercial car gas conveyor

In the GAZ group, it was long considered that the organization of its own production of a low-pressure diesel engine with such volumes of commercial technology of class LCV, to which the Gazelle series belongs is not enough to beat the investment in the project. Moreover, Gaza has already been a failed Diesel project of GAZ-560, based on the Austrian styer development. Today, the GAZ group focused on the release and improvement of the gasoline version of the force aggregate of the Ugz Ecotech from Ulyanovsk. And the plans to continue importing diesel units from China.

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To do this, back a few years ago. The American Ford and the Domestic Sollers Group became participants in the industrial regime «Promsbork-2», which imposed certain obligations. As a result, the American automaker created several production sites in Tatarstan and Vsevolozhsk (Leningrad Region). But in 2019, Ford Motor Company decided to leave the Russian car market. Control in Sollers Ford (51%) switched to Sollers of the Russian oligarch Vadim Shvetsov. Only the LCV Ford Transit class car production plant with a project capacity of 85,000 per year in Elabuga remained in the joint venture. In turn, other auto plants and engine production were closed. Stopped plants switched to the property of the «Ford Motor Company», and the company planned to sell them. The Russian Auction House has already spent two auction for the sale of property from these enterprises.

And here’s how «thunder among the clear sky» sounded a few days ago. Now the Motor Plant in Elabuga again passed to the ownership of Sollers Ford and the company will produce diesel engines for LCV. Now on the vans and the Ford Transit chassis production «Sollers Ford» are installed imported from Europe DURATORQ engines with a capacity of 125-155 liters. with.

Therefore, today there was a real opportunity to localize the production of a modern diesel engine in Russia. General investments in the new Motor project «Sollers Ford» will be 627.1 million rubles. 500 million rubles. It will be provided by the Industry Development Fund (FRT) of the Ministry of Industry RF as a loan on preferential terms, the rest of the company’s own funds. Investments will go on the purchase of a production line for the mechanical processing workshop of the cylinder block.

The characteristics of the new power unit, which will produce in Elabuga, does not disclose the company. «We are planning to localize this production,» the company reported, answering the question, will be components with Russian or foreign.

It is clear that at the initial stage, the engine is unlikely to be deeply localized. And since Sollers is committed to the principle of vertical localization, then with the time the degree of domestic operations, nodes and parts will consistently grow.

In addition, «Sollers» is important to achieve the right to install these motors to another technique. In order to increase the number of manufactured motors, since deepening localization is unprofitable for minor production.

«In the framework of the project funded by the FRA, it is supposed to produce 25,000 blocks of cylinders annually,» clarity to Sollers Ford. Pre-planned output volume is estimated at 25,000 engines per year.

The former project of the Ford Motor Plant in Elabuga was designed for the maximum power of 200,000 engines per year. For one and a half years of the work of the plant, 25,000 engines were released. The production of gasoline engines Sigma 1.6 L (capacity of 85, 105, 125 hp) started at the factory in Elabuga in 2015. These power units were installed on the Ford Focus passenger models, Ford Fiesta, Ford EcoSport. At the same time, the localization of Elabuga motors was 78%.

As for the new production of Ford diesel engines, they call the UAZ as promising markets (including for the Russian Prado project) and the joint venture «Sollers Iesuzu» for the release of freight equipment of the Japanese Corporation ISUZU. Surely, the motors can be installed on the Ulyanovsk buses «Symaz» small class.