How Russia has grown to the Korean motor.


Last year was not easy for the automotive industry not only in Russia and the CIS countries, but also for the global car industry as a whole. But the best indicator in terms of the workload of the Russian auto industry was the plant «Hönde Motor Manuff Turing Rus», which released 219 thousand cars in 2020 during production facilities of 230 thousand. This is the best result in the industry.

But not this achievement provided the main sensation of last year. In December, it was announced that

For several months, Hyundai will approve the manufacturing program of the enterprise: it will be presented in July 2021. It gave rise to numerous rumors that the Korean automaker can leave Kaliningrad, where the company «Avtotor» is being built with a wide range of two Korean automakers.

Recall, in the vicinity of St. Petersburg on the existing Automobile Plant «Hyunda Motor Manuff Turing Rus», which has been completed for more than 10 years, today is being built by the sedan car

Accordingly, another part of the Korean Concern model range is produced in Kaliningrad on Avtotor. On the full cycle with welding and coloring, in addition to the KIA Cerato models, Kia Sorento and Kia Soul, since last year, the new Kia Seltos crossover has begun here, as well as Hyundai Sonata sedan.

But most of the model range on the «Avtotor» are manufactured by the so-called screwdriver, or rather the method of «complicated dummy» — SKD-4. From abroad, the finished body, welded and painted, and 3-4 thousand components to it come, and on the autotor conveyor, they collect a car. The «complicated screwdriver» method is necessary for the enterprise to obtain benefits under the Federal Law of the Federal Law «On the Special Economic Zone in the Kaliningrad Region».

Naturally, the acquisition of new production facilities of the former GM plant in St. Petersburg caused a thrill in Kaliningrad. According to Valery Gorbunov, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Avtotor Holding LLC, said, when it was announced a deal with St. Petersburg Plant, a question was discussed with the South Korean partner: whether the capacity of the Kaliningrad enterprise is required for the release of Korean cars? A response was received: the question of reducing orders for production on Avtotor is not discussed in Kia.

At the St. Petersburg Plant «Hönde Motor Manufacturing Rus» there is a shortage of power under produced models and new models that should be put on production. «They could produce more and the market asks more, no capacity,» said Valery Gorbunov.

It remains to wait for the summer when it is announced a production program on the former Jeemin plant.

The profitability of the vehicle’s site is that with a «complicated screwdriver», you can very quickly put new models of cars on the conveyor, which does not require high financial costs. With the so-called full cycle, more serious investments in welding equipment, painting, etc. are needed. Only in recent months, a screwdriver production of new models was mastered here: subcompact hatchback

However, this approach is not too satisfied with the officials of the Ministry of Industry RF. As Alexander Sorokin, Director General of Avtotor Holding LLC, noted, when signing a special flow (SPIK), the goal of the production facilities of the Kaliningrad plant was not pursued. The main task —

As for the fulfillment of the items of the Agreement on a special confcturation, the Korean automaker Hyundai, he actually did not postpone the fulfillment of his obligations in a long box and already last year began construction and installation work at the site of the new engine plant. Engine production Hyundai will be located in Sestroretsk, located near the outskirts of St. Petersburg. It is almost on the same platform with the existing Automobile Plant «Hönde Motor Manufacturing Rus», where for more than 10 years there is an assembly of Hyundai and Kia cars. The Motor-Building Plant Hyundai will produce 123-strong «atmospheric» volume of 1.6 liters of the Gamma line.

The construction of a new engine plant will take at least seven months — the mass production of «Russian» Hyundai power aggregates will begin in October 2021. Investments in the enterprise will amount to 13.1 billion rubles, the total area will exceed 35 thousand square meters. M, over 500 new jobs will be created. Motor-building plant is designed to produce 240 thousand GAMMA engines every year. Also, the main office of Hyundai said that, if necessary, the production facilities of the engine plant can be increased to 330 thousand motors per year. Some products will be exported. In terms of manufactured products, the plant Hyundai will enter the top three leading Russian engine builders. Engine production will be engaged in the subsidiary of the Korean Concern — Hyundai WIA. The total amount of investments stated in the SPIK register published on the website of the Ministry of Industry and Communist Party should be about 16.7 billion rubles.

It is also important and such a fact, in the Russian Federation there will be a localized production of all the main components of the motor: the block of cylinders, the head of the cylinder block, crankshaft, pistons and water pump. In particular, 2.2 billion rubles will be invested in the production of heads of blocks of cylinder blocks and blocks of cylinders for engines of Hyundai, 2.2 billion rubles will be invested. Complete the construction of a new enterprise building with an area of ​​3000 square meters. m is supposed in the middle of summer. Additional production facilities will be arranged here. The first prototypes are planned to ship in June-July. And from 2022, the volume of production is planned to increase many times more than 200 thousand sets per year.

However, the subject of the SPIK in addition to the modernization of production, updates of the model range and new engine production, is also the creation of a research center and development. The contract provides for the design and construction of its own research centers. It is predicted that for 10 years, the Russian plant Hyundai will pay taxes in budgets of all levels in the amount of more than 244 billion rubles.