As sometimes it is interesting to observe the largest automakers of the countries of the Customs Union. Recall that this union includes the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus and Kazakhstan. And if the latter has to be actually from scratch to create its own car industry, then in the first two countries, huge car assets remained from the USSR.
If earlier, during the planned economy, these automotive plants worked within the framework of the program given on top of the program to produce a certain range of automotive equipment, today they themselves are actively looking for and find markets for their products, they themselves are trying to find free niches and find them. Similar first searches began immediately after the collapse of the USSR.
For example, the Minsk Automobile Plant, which produced a diesel truck, began expansion into a segment of large city buses. But KAMAZ in this direction lagged behind almost 10 years, only at the very beginning of zero anniversary of the gate of the subsidiary, the nefhas came out the model of a large city bus 5299.
But today let’s talk about what segment. It is in him that KamAZ is hopelessly behind. The articulated buses, or as they speak in the people of «Harmoshki», buses of a highly large class and capacity. There are no them in the model range of the bus division of KamAZ. But the gas group has LIAZ-6213. This is the most popular harmonica of the country. Last year, even entered the top 10 most sought-after models of the Russian bus market. Liazovsky «Harmoshek» was sold 236 pieces in the counter year.
For the most part, they went to Moscow. Of course, the Liazovsk model of the leader on the entire space is not only the Customs Union, but also almost the entire post-Soviet space. Also, this model is the older, since the first copies saw the light back in 2008, and the total number of buses released approaching 2,500 copies.
The Minsk automaker also has articulated models. The first was the MAZ-105 bus. Their until recently in large quantities could be seen on the streets of the Belarusian capital. A feature of these buses was that the Mercedes-Benz Om906La diesel (Euro-3) was located on the middle cumulative platform (Euro-3) with a capacity of 6.37 liters and a capacity of 279 hp And the accumulative platform is shifted into the trailed part of the cabin. Despite the thermal insulation, the engine compartment was a story «stove» in the middle of the first section of the cabin. Especially passengers next to him were uncomfortable in warm and hot days.
But today another modern model is presented in the model range of buses. It uses a different more progressive scheme — with a pushing drive. The main difference between the MAZ-216 from «Harmoshk», produced in Minsk earlier (models 105, 205, 215), — the engine and gearbox are placed in the tail part of the trailer, the master is the bridge of the second section. In the interior of the first section, it became spacious and more comfortable: a large accumulative platform appeared on the site of the mine compartment mine. Motor is located in the back of the trailer. Because of the noise level while significantly reduced. Engine Mercedes-Benz OM 926 ecological class EURO-5, with a capacity of 326 hp Transmission — Automatic Allison T375W / RET. The first large batch of the newest articulated buses of MAZ-216066 was ordered by the authorities of St. Petersburg. The contract was recently implemented and today in the city there are 100 Minsk Garmoshk.
But now the Lucky and Minsk buses have a particularly large class, a KAMAZ competitor will soon appear. Today in Moscow, the test operation of the low-voltage urban articulated bust of the high capacity KAMAZ-6299 is completed. This 18-meter giant is created by the pushing scheme: the power unit and the presenter bridge are located in the trailed section, which allows the low floor in both the first section and in the trailed one.
KAMAZ Garmoshka is equipped with a diesel engine with a capacity of 340 hp, an additional pot of 150 liters is also installed. (total volume — 400 l.). The bus has a capacity — 162 people, seats — 44. To increase the passage in the cabin, there are three one-time seats, which is distinguished by a novelty from 12-meter nonfaz models. The bus can «squat» at the stopping platform, to facilitate landing and disembarking passengers. The cabin provides a climate system and double glazing.
The new large-class high-class bus was developed by specialists of the KamAZ Scientific and Technical Center specifically on request of the Moscow State Unitary Enterprise and complies with all the requirements for passenger transport in Moscow.
Today, in fact, Moscow, purchasing Kamaz production buses, creates internal competition. After all, until recently, the main supplier of rolling stock into the Moscow market was Liaz. But today the situation has changed. Recall, KAMAZ went to the transport market of the capital in 2018, today 1542 bus and 400 electric drives KAMAZ operates today on the routes of Moscow. And the new KAMAZ Garmoshka will be a notable player for the passenger traffic market of the capital.