Today in the global aircraft there was a unique situation. Engineering independence in the latest history of the industry managed to maintain only a few companies from a variety of national firms. In turn, almost all national companies have become objects of absorption from these few global players. Why is it important?
Everything is very simple. It is necessary in order to determine the place of domestic automakers in the global situation, and above all, the Russian brand LADA. What lessons from the history of such absorption can be removed by Togliatti giant? What is the place of the domestic brand Lada in the near future?
Indeed, to aware of the transformation of the domestic auto giant, located on the banks of the Volga, it is necessary to look at the accumulated experience, which already has independent automakers from post-socialist countries. First of all,
Anschlus in German
In 1991, during the privatization after the so-called «velvet revolution», Volkswagen and Renault were concluded for 30% of the Shares of the Czech Company. The French considered the Czech playground as another base of the assembly of their cars and were going to re-spindle the factory in Mlada Boleslav under the release of cars of measuring class A — Renault Twingo. Today, this model is collected in the Slovenian enterprise in the town of Novi, on the territory of the former Yugoslavia.
But the French lost the battle for the Czech automaker. And all three production sites in the Czech Republic moved under the control of the German concern. Since then, the most interesting begins. As you know, the Czech design school in the past years made a bet on the rear-wheel drive cars and for more than half a century, Skoda cars had rear engine location and rear-wheel drive. It was if it is so possible to put the chip of cars from Mlada Boleslav.
But in the 80s, everything changed. A bet on front-wheel drive was made. At about the same years, when our motorist saw the front-wheel drive vases — «eights» and «nine», in Czechoslovakia, the front-wheel drive car Skoda Favorit was created in Czechoslovakia forces of their engineers and designers. After the transition under the control of VW, the Czech automaker began to produce Felicia hatchback, based on the modified Skoda Favorit chassis. The car received a German engine, electronics and security systems. In 2000, Volkswagen acquires 100% of Skoda shares, and a year later, Felicia is completed.
The first, built completely on the Volkswage Platform (VW Golf) became
But since our AvtoVAZ is already an integral part of the Renault Group it is worth considering the existing examples of this particular group. A bright example is the Romanian Dacia automaker. However, the fate of Dacia engineering is not the most inspiring example for AvtoVAZ. The fact is that the independent design work of Romanians tried to lead from the mid-80s, but the development of the car Dacia Nova stretched for ten years.
In 1998, the Romanian Concern Dacia moved under the root of the French automaker Renault. New owners immediately set the goal to fully rebuild production and until 2004 still helped to modernize the NOVA model, which wore alternate name
But with the advent of the «project 5000», or simply the Logan family, the point was put on this «self-sufficiency». Although the business of the Romanian auto industry eventually eventually won. Today, Dacia is included in the 10th of the best-selling brands of Europe, cars are sold in 43 countries of the world. Naturally, Dacia’s such achievements in the Socialist Romania of 30 years ago could only dream. Production is fully upgraded, and R & D works in Bucharest.
Engineering experience in Korean
For completeness, we give another example from the global experience of the absorption of national manufacturers. This is about
However, Renault Group has a similar experience of absorption of South
Can also be remembered how fate
You can also remember the fate of English brands and automakers Land Rover, Bentley, Rover, etc. Swedish motorities — Volvo Car and Saab. The story contains many narrative and instructive advantages of national car brands and their further stories as part of automotive alliances and car groups.
What will be Lada?
For awareness of our auto giant from Tolyatti, who is actually not such a giant on the global scale of the car industry, it is necessary to return to the distant 1986. The country after many years of the so-called «stagnation» was waiting for a sharp jerk in all spheres of life, and the automotive industry as well. After all, a sad park from «Zhiguli», «Muscovites» and «Zaporozhtsev» did not inspire optimism. This one has not developed the process called «acceleration.» It was then that AvtoVAZ comes with a visit to the head of the country Mikhail Gorbachev. And when inspecting the company, he puts forward the initiative: «
However, it is impossible not to be taken into account that the French automaker Renault becomes the owner of AvtoVAZ shares since 2008. Since 2014, the effective proportion of the Renault-Nissan alliance in the capital of AvtoVAZ exceeded 50%. Thus, the technical policy of the enterprise is now determined by the Renault Group. It is also important that the Scientific and Technical Center of AvtoVAZ is now as part of the Global Engineering Alliance Renault-Nissan. A few have changed and its functions. But about it below.
It is clear that Russia is the second capacity market for Renault. Here you need to work, existing an alleged result. Recently ex-head
And the development trend is in principle obvious. Explain. AvtoVAZ became the largest platform for assembling the alliance models in the Russian Federation. Renault Logan and Renault Sandero are released here. And until recently and Nissan Almera. Further, on the alliance platform, two models are created — Lada Largus and Lada Xray. In a special conflict, which AvtoVAZ signed with the state and on which it is guaranteed compensation for a recycling collection, plans for the release of new LADA models with conditional indexes — B segment1; B Family; Compact SUV1; LOWER C SEGMENT; Compact SUV2; New b segment1; NEW B Family. But if Low C Segment is the Lada Vesta model and its modernization, then the other models will be based on the French technical base.
AvtoVAZ will annually produce about 600 thousand cars on the new Renault-Nissan CMF-B-LS platform. The specified volume implies Lada cars, and Renault Togliatti production cars.
The CMF-B-LS platform will be the main for AvtoVAZ and will gradually displace their own company platforms and an outdated French trolley B0. The entire LADA model line will be created on CMF-B-Ls, with the exception of the Vesta family, which was created on the domestic LADA B / C platform.
At full capacity, the CMF-B project will be released to 2025-2026. That is, the upcoming five-year period will be saturated both by preparing for the production of new models and the creation of these cargo on the new trolley. And this will be engaged in NTC AvtoVAZ in partnership with other R & D centers Renault Groupe.
CMF-B-LS is a modification of the new Renault Nissan Platform CMF-B, the CMF-B, the LS prefix means Low Specifications, that is, simplified execution. Russia does not yet release cars on the CMF-B-LS chassis, the latest Renault models for Russia — Arkana and Kaptur II crossovers are built on the basis of B0 + (this is an upgraded B0 from the Logan of the first generation). However, the CMF-B-LS creates promising LADA models, which promise to become sales hits — the next generation and new NIVA-3 GRANTA,