Unlike the Hungarian «Ikarusa», the products of Czech engines were not so widely represented in our country. Nevertheless, in the city of the Tyumen North, along with the well-known trucks, buses from Czechoslovakia of the Karosa brand were carried out.
The veterans of the oil and gas industry recall one interesting moment when frosts were broken in Siberia under minus 50, the technique did not stand such a temperature stress / exam. But Karosa’s Czech buses regularly brought oil workers to the place of work for crafts and not only.
Karosa then could be found as a long-distance bus, and on urban transport. But the most powerful supply was carried out in the mid-90s of the last century. And the story was as follows.
In the Kama Automobile Plant in 1992 there was a fire, during which motor production almost completely burned out. And since KAMAZ was an enterprise by the system-forming, the loss of this production immediately felt many of the automotive industry plants. The fact is that KAMAZ-740 diesel engines were established for several models of domestic cargo and passenger machinery: car-all-terrain vehicles of the Urals, Liaz and Laz buses, etc.
Kamaz slowly recovered from the female fire damage. But, despite the crisis, the Russian cities needed an update
If in Yekaterinburg, the choice was made at the Hungarian «Ikarus» tested and Russian roads, then in other cities the choice fell on other models of buses. From today’s height, it is possible to evaluate this choice.
But the Million Omsk chose the Karosa Czech bus in 732. But, unlike the capital of the Urals, they gave way. For some reason, the Czech bus was not so durable as Hungarian. By the way, Hungarian buses for Yekaterinburg were departled from cars at the Kurgan bus factory. That was the requirement of the customer.
And for Omsk, and for Yekaterinburg, the fateful was 1996. Then new buses financed by the Foreign Bank program began to arrive in these cities. But in the city on the shores of Irtysh, they worked until 2010, this year became for Czech buses a fateful — their mass write-off began. And at the same time, in Yekaterinburg, Hungarian «Ikarusi», as if nothing had happened every day, continued to go to urban routes. Their massively began to be written off only closer towards the end of the decade (in the period 2019-2020).
And recently a car news tape brought an interesting message. It turns out that the Categories of the Czech Karosa, in the capital of Prague, December 5, this year, the large park of buses of this brand was the last time they went to city routes. Prague worked more modern models than in Omsk, it was a Karosa B model 951. Buses made from 2001 to 2007 were published on Prague routes since 2002. They were about 130 pieces. But their service life is over, and by virtue of its age, as well as non-compliance with higher emission requirements, they will be replaced by a more modern type of rolling stock. It is important, and not least, the designs of these machines were not low-profil.
But the Prague buses, similar to the models that were exploited in Omsk, were written off in the Czech capital at the end of 2013. These were Karosa B 732 buses.
However, the actual Czech brand buses officially ceased to exist on January 1, 2007. Czech plant in the town of high soot, preserved,
This is how the history of the Czech bus mark ended, who left the trail and on the expanses of Russia. Only not as deep as the Hungarian Ikarus left. And in conclusion will answer the question. And when was the brand Karosa born? More than 70 years ago, in February 1948, the largest carrosserie sodomka body studio in Europe and one largest in Europe was nationalized and renamed Karosa, Továrna Na Karoserie A Vozy, Národni Podnik, Se Sídlem Ve Vysokém Mýtě (Karos, body production and vans, a popular enterprise, founded in the city of high soot).
On June 28, 1948, the Ministry of Industry Czech Republic approved the name of the new company, and from January 1, 1950, the long name was reduced to Karosa, Národni Podnik Vysoké Mýto (Karos, People’s Enterprise, High People). Here is the history of the Czech bus stamp that has dissolved today in the global bus market.