Independent in the parks of Russian passenger carriers dominate domestic buses. These are «liases», «nefases», you can meet the Volgabus and Belarusian «Maza» somewhat less often. But another five or ten years ago, in many Russian cities, the park of city passenger machinery was very «diluted» by the buses of Chinese brands. Today their amount has decreased dramatically. Our channel has studied the question where Chinese city buses disappear and why did they like our carriers?
If you contact a very recent story, you can find that
In large cities of the Russian Federation, passenger traffic have changed radically. After all, if in the Soviet period, thousands and even dozens of thousands of workers were necessary to take thousands and even tens of thousands of workers who needed to take out of sleeping housing systems, today, when many industry giants ordered a long time to live such a volume of passenger traffic remained. If in the recent past of the sleeping boat, the export function of the citizens went to a couple of routes, and the rolling stock of passenger enterprises (PATP) consisted of large and super-large capacity buses, today the numerous carrier park with medium capacity buses perfectly copes with this problem.
Chinese buses appeared in a variety of cities — from Western to the Eastern Out of Countries. The importers were carried through the border a wide variety of passenger machinery brands. It was Chinese
What are the characteristics of this technique?
Let’s look at the characteristics of one of the most common Chinese buses of that period.
Bus, however, not low-floor. The front and middle platforms with one step, and the back is a stepped «amphitheater».
The problem of spare parts was also solved. Chinese-made tires can be replaced by the domestic brand of Kama, a broken dashboard indicator on domestic from GAZ-53. And in one path of a private carrier for such a bus, even the rear axle from the ZIL-130 truck was installed. Well, some buses during operation became donors of spare parts for other buses.
Every year the number of large and medium-sized cities grew, in which the Chinese passenger machinery was operated. However, this import wave stopped suddenly. After the Crimean events and the introduction of sanctions by Western countries, the answer turned out to be unexpected. On July 14, 2014, a resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 656 was adopted about the establishment of a ban on the admission of certain types of mechanical engineering goods originating from foreign countries, for the purposes of procurement to provide state and municipal needs. In it, trams, trolleybuses and vehicles with a capacity of over 10 people were banned, that is, buses. This has become the brainstorm, which stopped the flow of the Chinese city passenger machinery. The second factor is the wear and physical disposal of Chinese buses. Yes, in some cities on routes you can see buses age more than 10 years.
Now domestic carriers switched to Russian and partly Belarusian techniques. From the point of view of competition, these measures meant its serious limitation and gave «green light» domestic «liazam», «nefhazam», «Volgobasam» and Belarusian «Mazam». But it is noteworthy that if the manufacturers of urban passenger machinery took advantage of the moment and now in all cities and weights are being purchased from domestic buses, allowing you to download domestic bus plants, then there are no such success in the tourist class buses.
In the model ranges of domestic haulars there are tourist buses. But for some reason they do not meet the requirements of carriers working on intercity routes. Still, in many cities, carriers engaged in Mezhdorka make a bet on imported models. And here the Chinese technique is actually out of competition. She wins in a stubborn competitive struggle with Koreans and wins.
But if you take a glance at the top ten of the Russian market of new buses, you will find several interesting discoveries. Eight and ninth places settled
So, despite the Terrible Government Decision, the market makes a choice in favor of Chinese technology. Nevertheless, it is a pity that the domestic bus complex was unable to finalize this class of passenger machinery in artificial protection, and only be happy for Chinese producers. They did not retreat and created their bridgeheads in Russia.