When a pandemic began last year, then among the news the automotive tape prevailed information that interruptions with the supply of autocomponents and auto parts from China had a negative effect on the pace of assembling Russian cars. There was an impression that the domestic auto industry strongly depends on the subway.
Indeed, this is so.
We know very little about Turkish car industry. But in terms of production, it is comparable to the Russian. And in the depths of local production and engineering, our auto industry has something to learn from the southern neighbor.
If, according to the results of 2019, the Russian Federation ranked 13th place from 1 million 720 thousand cars in the table of the world’s ranks, Turkey occupied the following step — 14th place, and 1 million 461 thousand issued cars. Agree, for the country with a smaller population is an achievement.
A few more numbers. If you take «big Europe» EU-28, Turkey ranks 3rd place for the release of commercial vehicles, 7th place for the production of passenger cars.
The standing of Turkey at the European Union’s threshold has already brought its fruits for almost half a century. Recall and recent precedent. German Volkswagen, considering the construction of a new platform for the release of VW Passat and Skoda Superb, between Bulgaria, Romania and Ukraine, gave preference to Turkey. But due to the Syrian crisis, it was decided to refuse.
However, Turkish auto industry has passed several stages of its development before, achieved such heights. His story began with a licensed assembly of cars at the capacity of Turkish enterprises in the distant 60s. The assembly was basically, as if we were told, screwdriver. In the 70s, the localization process began. Then a large number of small companies appear, which will be in perspective of the Turkish car component industry, which today actively cooperates with the Russian automotive industry. In the end, today the Turkish auto industry works in the free trade zone mode with the European Union.
This special regime was attracted to the country of the largest automakers, which built large-scale production at the rate not only to the local market, how much to export to the countries of a large Europe. T
In total, over the years, production facilities were created for the release of about 2 million cars. (For comparison, in the Russian Federation, capacity was created for the release of about 3.5 million vehicles, but the degree of their loading is small, about 45% in 2019).
«Turkish AvtoVAZ» with export profile
What do Turkish auto plants produce? We only call models that make up the basis of Turkish exports.
On the Turkish platform
But few people know that the Ford Transit commercial car produced by the joint venture is a commercial Ford Transit car, the overwhelming number of autocomponents, nodes and parts comes from Turkey. Where the car is released at the local factory. They also produce a younger model of the commercial line Ford Tourneo Courier.
Also in Turkey there is a large production site of Italian Fiat, with a local Tofas partner, where the cargo-passenger Fiat Doblo and the Fiat Tipo passenger model.
But the largest platform in Turkey’s auto industry, it is undoubtedly
These auto hydriants were born even at about one time. AvtoVAZ released the first batch of «Zhiguli» in 1970, and the history of Oyak-Renault began in 1971. In 2019, 342 thousand cars were produced at the enterprise (AvtoVAZ 354 thousand cars), 512.5 thousand engines, 227.3 thousand gearbox shift boxes and 702 thousand parts of automotive chassis. The site in Turkey is the only one in the world where the sedan is released
And recently the construction of a plant for aluminum casting for the release of a block of cylinders and block heads was completed, the volume of investments amounted to more than 100 million euros.
Interestingly, when starting a new generation
Basis of Success — Components
In addition to the production of cars, a substantial share in the Turkish auto industry is an autocomponent sector. It is the foundation of the industry in which it can strengthen its position. It was this structure that could be in Russia, but so far she is not formed, and the autocomponent part is thereby «weak link», which determines the imbalances in the development of domestic automotive industry.
It is important that 158 design and research R & D centers have been created in the structure of the Turkish auto industry. Such centers in auto parts and auto components manufacturers are 130, in OEM automakers — 22 R & D Center and 29 automotive designer studios.
Turkish automotive exports to Russia is about 500 million euros. Only his fifth one comes from ready cars. The rest is autocomponents.
Our channel told
But the rest falls on the purchase of autocomponents for Russian auto plants. The question is that the Turks are supplied to us, you can bring a huge list of nodes, details and aggregates. But we will restrict ourselves to the transfer of a small number, like the battery batteries, automotive, wipers, body panels, radiators, filters, springs, fuel equipment, suspension parts, plastic and aluminum parts, parts, and nodes for clutch and braking systems, etc. Looking at this far incomplete list, you ask for a question, have it really been so difficult to organize production in Russia so difficult in the principle of components?
True, today a number of Turkish companies invest in the production of autocomponents in Russia.
Welcome to Russia
One of the interesting examples of such an enterprise is Coşkunöz Holdİn, which invests in its enterprise in Tatarstan, in the free zone of Alabuga.
Among consumers of products of the enterprise leading Russian automotive plants: KAMAZ, AVTOVAZ, Volkswagen, Renault, etc. The main products are body details. The company today leads the process of expanding production facilities, the purchase of equipment and its installation.